Our list of top dog breeds in India evaluates and ranks each dog breed on the below parameters.

  1. Adaptation to Indian climatic conditions
  2. Average annual cost in India
  3. General health
  4. Breed’s popularity in India

The reader should note that no official census exists in India to determine a dog breeds popularity. The objective of this article is to guide first-time dog owners to choose the best and most appropriate dog for their family.

This article also tries to answer frequently asked questions such as.

  1. What breed of dog should I choose?
  2. How much does a dog cost in India?
  3. Which are the top dog breeds in India?
  4. Which dog breeds are best for first-time dog owners?

A brief history of dogs in India

Indian Spitz, one of the top dogs in Indian

Dogs have always been a part of Indian society. The history of dogs in India dates back to thousands of years. Archaeological excavations in ancient sites in India have revealed Pariah dog skeletons dating back 4,500 years. The Pariah dog is the first Indian dog. The Pariah dog is a loyal, intelligent, and courageous dog.

The stray dog that we meet on our roads has its roots in the Pariah dog. The original Pariah dog is rare. They exist only in remote villages in India.

Kombai Dogs

India is one of the world’s most ancient civilizations. Experts believe there are only 25 indigenous dog breeds in India today. They say approximately 25 out of 50+ native Indian dogs have now become extinct. A couple of decades ago, the list of top dog breeds in India would have had the RajapalayamKanniChippparaiKombai, Rampur Hound, and Himalayan sheepdog. Today, the list of top dog breeds in India features just three native Indian dog breeds.

What is the importance of this list?

Wide eyed puppy

Today in India, hundreds of breeds of dogs are available. Most of these dogs have specific requirements. Our goal with this list is to empower you with accurate information about different dog breeds available in India. Choosing the best dog breed for you depends on multiple factors such as,

  1. The purpose (guarding/family pet)?
  2. Your experience with dogs
  3. The space available for them 
  4. The time that you can spend with your dog and so on

Hence, it is essential to make your decision on a sound understanding. An uneducated choice such as a first-time dog owner living in an apartment choosing a Rottweiler can have devastating consequences for both the dog and the family.

List of top dog breeds with prices in India

Labrador, the top dog breed in India

Labradors the most popular dog breed in India

Breed Description

Labrador Retriever is the most popular dog breed in India. Labrador is a large breed who are excellent companions, loyal, gentle with family, and intelligent. They are just an outstanding breed of dog!

Labrador Retrievers are also popular in many countries like the USA, UK, and countries in the EU. Labs are gun dogs and to this day, used extensively for hunting. Their ability to retrieve shot waterfowl without damage has earned them the name Retriever.

Labradors are also very trainable dogs and are excellent disability assistance dogs. They are excellent swimmers and love being in the water. The Labrador’s coat is dense and medium in length. They are easy to maintain. Labs generally are a very healthy breed of dog with very few health issues.

Labradors in India are a common sight, and almost everyone adores a Labrador. They are gentle, playful, and loyal dogs. However, Labradors are not good guard dogs. They tend to look at all humans as friends. Labs require extensive exercise to keep them in top shape.

We chose Labrador as the top dog breed in India due to its popularity and also its adaptability to India. However, we want to raise awareness in the hope that one day, a native Indian dog will take its place as the top dog breed in India.

Labrador Retriever the most popular in India

Names

  • Labrador Retriever
  • Lab

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

Newfoundland

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 29 – 36 kg; Female 25 – 32 kg 
  • Height: Male 57 – 62 cm; Female 55 – 60 cm
  • Coat: Short and dense
  • Colour: Yellow, black and chocolate
  • Litter Size: 5 – 10
  • Life Span: 12 – 14 years

Labrador Retriever Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Labrador

Labrador

₹7,000₹20,000₹81,600HighHighNot suitedNoNewfoundlandGoodMedium

Interesting facts about the Lab

Labrador Retriever puppies
  • Labs are the most popular breed of dog in the US, the UK and Canada
  • This dog has its origins based on St. John’s water dog
  • Labs are gun dogs. They are used to retrieve shot waterfowl from lakes and rivers
  • Labs are from Newfoundland

German Shepherd Dog/Alsatian/GSD

German shepherd dog in India

Breed Description

German Shepherds are one of the top dog breeds in India. German Shepherds are intelligent and courageous dogs. GSDs excel in herding/shepherding tasks. They are an outdoor breed hence require open spaces for them to play.

GSDs occur in two-color patterns with minor variations. Tan/Black and Red/Black are the two well-known color patterns. GSD also occurs in rare colors such as sable, white, and panda.

The modern GSD, with its sloping topline, has deviated from the original German Shepherd. We encourage our readers not to choose a GSD based on its sloping topline. This abnormal posture bends the spinal cord and causes the dog to suffer from hip and joint ailments.

There are two distinct lines of German Shepherds seen in India. The more common show line with its sloping topline and the rare working line.

GSDs also require constant attention and care, hence we don’t recommend GSD as your first dog. GSD’s with their dense coat requires extra care during the hot Indian summer months.

German Shepherd father and son

Names

  • Alsatian wolf dog
  • Berger Allemand
  • GSD
  • DSH

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

Germany

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 30 – 40 kg; Female 22 – 33 kg 
  • Height: Male 60 – 65 cm; Female 55 – 60 cm
  • Coat: Double coat
  • Colour: Black and Tan
  • Litter Size: 4 – 9
  • Life Span: 9 – 13 years

German Shepherd price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
German Shepherd

German Shepherd

₹15,000₹40,000 ₹1,16,400HighLowNot suitedNoGermanyGoodLarge

Interesting Facts about German Shepherd

German Shepherd puppies
  • The present-day German Shepherd looks significantly different from the original
  • German Shepherds are working dogs
  • GSDs are a top dog breed in India and also in many countries
  • Adolf Hitler was particularly very fond of German Shepherds. He owned a GSD named Prinz

Indian Spitz/Pomeranian

White Indian Spitz

Breed Description

Indian Pomeranians (not to be confused with the dog from Poland) are the third most popular breed of dog. Once the Indian Spitz was a common sight all across India. With the introduction of modern dog breeds, there is a notable decline in the popularity of this breed.

Indian Spitz is not a native breed to Indian. There is no clear evidence of how this breed of dog entered India. Indian Spitz has its origins in German Spitz and probably introduced by the British in India. Kennel Club of India considers Indian Spitz as a separate breed of dog with Indian origin and registers them as a native breed.

Indian Spitz is a small breed of dog with a silky white coat. White is the most popular and commonly seen color. Brown Indian Spitz is uncommon and generally not preferred. Their small size and lively character make them one of the preferred dog breeds in India.

If you live in an apartment and are looking for a family dog, Indian Spitz remains an excellent choice. Indian Spitz packs a feisty temperament for its small size. They are aggressive and nippy dogs and readily use their teeth than other dog breeds. We urge our readers to choose their puppy wisely, avoid picking a nervous/shy pup.

Indian Spitz Sitting

Names

  • Indian Pomeranian
  • Spitz
  • Pomeranian

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 6 – 12 kg; Female 5 – 10 kg 
  • Height: Male 40 – 45 cm; Female 35 – 40 cm
  • Coat: Long, silky with curls
  • Colour: White, Brown
  • Litter Size: 4 – 9
  • Life Span: 10 – 14 years

Indian Spitz Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Indian Spitz

Indian Spitz

₹5,000₹15,000₹39,600HighHighSuitedNoIndiaExcellentSmall

Interesting Facts about Indian Spitz

Indian Spitz puppy sleeping
  • They are also called as Pomeranian even though Indian Spitz is not related to Pomeranian dog
  • Indian Spitz are utility dogs
  • They are not a native Indian dog breed, but Kennel Club of India registers them as a native breed
  • Indian Spitz has a feisty temperament

Golden Retriever/Golden

Golden Retriever puppy

Breed Description

Golden Retrievers are a popular dog breed in India. They are a large breed of dogs, who are excellent companions, loyal, and gentle with kids. Golden Retrievers like the Labrador Retrievers were initially bred as gun dogs and to this day, used extensively for hunting. Goldens are excellent swimmers and love being in the water. They are a long-coated breed of dogs with a dense inner coat and a longer outer coat.

Golden Retrievers are gentle dogs, and despite their large size are not a good guard dog. However, Golden Retrievers excel in other areas. They are one of the most intelligent dog breeds in the world. They excel in tasks such as disability assistance, rescue, and work as sniffer dogs.

Golden Retrievers shed their coat and require daily grooming. They have outstanding temperaments and are very patient with kids pulling their ears and tails. Hence, a wonderful pet for a family.

Golden Retriever father and son

Names

  • Golden Retriever
  • Golden

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

Scotland

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 29 – 34 kg; Female 25 – 29 kg 
  • Height: Male 56 – 61 cm; Female 51 – 56 cm
  • Coat: Long, straight and wavy
  • Colour: Golden brown, Cream
  • Litter Size: 4 – 10
  • Life Span: 10 – 12 years

Golden Retriever Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

₹12,000₹40,000₹1,14,000HighMediumNot suitedNoUKGoodLarge

Interesting Facts about Golden retriever

Golden Retriever puppies
  • India’s former prime minister Indira Gandhi had three Golden Retrievers
  • Goldens excel in multiple roles such as disability assistance, rescue, and sniffing.
  • Goldens are fond of water and enjoy swimming.

Rottweiler/Rott/Rottie

Rottweiler dog

Breed Description

Rottweilers are gaining in popularity in India. Top dog breeders in the country are importing top dogs from Europe due to increased interest in Rottweilers in India. Rotties are the preferred guard dog breed in India and rightly so.

Rotties are powerful, intimidating, and possess natural protective instincts. Rottweilers are herding dogs that are capable of making decisions on their own. They are an intelligent breed of dogs and are excellent guard dogs.

Rottweilers are dominant by nature. Hence, they require strong leadership. We do not recommend Rottweilers for first-time dog owners. Unfortunately, Rotties have an infamous reputation. People with little experience in dog ownership abuse them by leaving them in isolation or leashed. This has resulted in an overly aggressive dog injuring, sometimes killing its owner.

Rotties are either black and tan or black and mahogany. They are a short hair dog breed with a double coat. Hence, they are easy to groom and adapt well in Indian conditions.

Names

  • Rottweiler
  • Rott
  • Rottie

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

Germany

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 50 – 60 kg; Female 35 – 48 kg 
  • Height: Male 61 – 69 cm; Female 56 – 63 cm
  • Coat: Double coat, short and thick
  • Colour: Black and Tan
  • Litter Size: 4 – 10
  • Life Span: 8 – 10 years

Rottweiler Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Rottweiler

Rottweiler

₹15,000₹40,000 ₹1,11,600HighHighNot suitedNoGermanyGoodLarge

Interesting Facts about Rottweiler

  • Large and powerful, banned in some countries
  • Rottweilers are herding dogs
  • Poorly managed and mistreated Rottwieliers have killed people

Dobermann Pinscher/Doberman

Image of Dobermann dog

Breed Description

Dobermann’s are a well-established breed of dogs in India. Dobermann’s breeds popularity has been on the decline following the introduction of Rottweilers. Dobermanns are intelligent, powerful, and intimidating dogs. In India, Dobermann dogs server multiple roles, such as sniffer dogs in airports, police dogs, guard dogs, and companion dogs.

Dobermann’s are excellent guard dogs and are easy to train. They have short coats that help them thrive in hot and humid conditions. Doberman also does very well with Indian food, making them an excellent pet for the average Indian home.

Dogs without close supervision can assume a dominant pack leader role. These dogs tend to become very aggressive towards non-pack members like your friends and neighbors. We do not recommend Dobermann for first-time dog owners.

Top-quality Dobermann’s are hard to find in India. We recommend that our readers do their background work about the breeder before choosing a pup.

Names

  • Dobermann Pinscher
  • Doberman
  • Dobes

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

Germany

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 40 – 45 kg; Female 32 – 35 kg 
  • Height: Male 68 – 72 cm; Female 63 – 68 cm
  • Coat: Short and thick
  • Colour: Black and Tan
  • Litter Size: 4 – 10
  • Life Span: 9 – 12 years

Dobermann Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Dobermann

Dobermann

₹15,000₹40,000 ₹1,11,600HighHighNot suitedNoGermanyGoodLarge

Interesting Facts about Dobermann

Pariah Dog/Indian Stray dog

Pariah dog

Breed Description

India today has over 35 million stray dogs. They are popular in India because it is commitment-free and care-free to adopt one. The stray dog is not the original Pariah dog. The stray dog is a cross between the Pariah dog and a non-native Indian dog.

The Pariah dogs are among the oldest breeds of dogs in existence today. Archaeological excavations have revealed Pariah skeletons that date back more than 4,500 years. Pariahs are one of the first dog breeds ever to be domesticated.

The Pariah is very rare. Most researchers believe that the original strain of the Pariah only exists in remote villages in India. The modern stray dog commonly seen in India is a descendant of the Pariah but has now interbred with more modern dog breeds losing its genetic purity.

Stray dogs are popular in India with people who like dogs but don’t like the commitment of owning dogs. You can own a Pariah for zero cost. These dogs thrive on Indian streets eating food scraps. The average Indian will fall into this category, happily feeding the stray dog food scraps, sheltering them during hot summers or floods.

If you have adopted a street dog, kindly ensure they are vaccinated for rabies and neutered.

Pariah is red with a short-coat are a medium-size. They have a remarkable ability to adapt and thrive in hot and humid conditions and have excellent immunity making them one of the healthiest breeds in the world.

Names

  • Pariah Dog
  • Stray Dog
  • Street Dog

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 20 – 25 kg; Female 18 – 23 kg 
  • Height: Male 42 – 48 cm; Female 35 – 40 cm
  • Coat: Short and dense
  • Colour: Brown with black muzzle, various
  • Litter Size: 6 – 12
  • Life Span: 12 – 15 years

Indian Pariah Dog Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Indian Pariah Dog

Indian Pariah Dog

₹0₹1,000₹67,200HighExcellentSuitedNoIndiaExcellentMedium

Interesting Facts about Pariah Dog

  • The Pariah dog is rare the street dog is a mix between the Pariah and other breeds
  • Pariah are good guard dogs
  • Some dogs have been known to live for almost 17 years

Rajapalayam Dog

Rajapalayam dog

Breed description

Rajapalayam dog is a breed of native Indian dogs with origins in South India from Rajapalayam town. The town Rajapalayam is on the foothills of India’s Western Ghats mountain range. The purpose of the Rajapalayam dog was to defend the farmland and rice fields from wild boars.

Rajapalayams are sighthounds, a breed of dogs that hunt by sight and use their stamina to run down the game. Rajapalayams are muscular, courageous, and robust dogs taking the fierce wild boars head-on. There are numerous stories about their courage and strength, making them a legendary dog breed in India.

Rajapalayam has short-coat, pure white with a pink nose. Many researchers attribute the lack of pigmentation to the breed being an albino.

Rajapalayam dogs are excellent guard dogs. They are intelligent and can make independent decisions without a need for human supervision. If you are looking for a guard dog for home or property, Rajapalayam is the dog for you. They thrive in Indian conditions and require very little care.

Sadly, due to the introduction of non-native Indian breeds, this majestic breed is now facing extinction. The once-popular Rajapalayam has made way to non-native dogs.

Names

  • Rajapalayam Dog
  • Poligar Hound

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 25 – 30 kg; Female 20 – 25 kg 
  • Height: Male 60 – 65 cm; Female 55 – 60 cm
  • Coat: Single, short coat
  • Colour: Milky white
  • Litter Size: 4 – 10
  • Life Span: 9 – 13 years

Rajapalayam Dog Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Rajapalayam

Rajapalayam

₹8,000₹20,000₹67,200MediumExcellentNot suitedNoIndiaExcellentMedium

Interesting Facts about Rajapalayam Dog

  • Rajapalayam dog gets its name from the Rajapalayam in South India
  • Courageous enough to defend its master from a tiger attack
  • In 2005, the Government of India released a postal stamp commemorating Rajapalayam dog

Pug

Pug dog

Breed Description

Pugs are a popular breed of dog in India. Pug was a mascot for a telecom company, which gave this breed instant nationwide adoration. Their wide eyes, wrinkly skin, human-like features, and small size made them an overnight star in India.

Pugs are classified as a toy breed and have their origins in China. They are a very social and gentle companion dog. Pugs also have a very charming personality and can instinctively understand their owner and react according to their master’s mood.

Pugs don’t do well when left alone they long for companionship. Owners often describe them as sleepy dogs because of their tendency to take long and frequent naps.

Pugs have adapted well to Indian conditions. However, their small size and the structure of their head makes them vulnerable to many health-related issues.

Names

  • Pug
  • Chinese Pug

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

China

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 6 – 10 kg; Female 6 – 8 kg 
  • Height: Male 25 – 32 cm; Female 25 – 32 cm
  • Coat: Single, short coat
  • Colour: Black and tan, Black
  • Litter Size: 3 – 7
  • Life Span: 7 – 9 years

Pug Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Pug

Pug

₹6,000₹15,000₹58,800HighHighSuitedNoChinaPoorSmall

Interesting Facts about Pug Dog

  • Pugs are an ancient breed of dog
  • Pug was a mascot for a telecom company, which gave this breed instant nationwide adoration
  • Pugs suffer from different various health issues

Great Dane

Great Dane dog

Breed Description

Great Danes are the gentle giants of the doggie world. They are a giant breed of dog. Great Dane is an old dog breed. A Great Dane holds the world record for being the tallest dog ever. Great Danes were once bear hounds in Europe. The modern Great Dane is much bigger and taller than the original dog. 

Great Danes possess excellent temperament, making them excellent family dogs. Great Danes have short coats, and they come in fawn, brindle, black, harlequin, mantle, and blue colors.

In India, people choose Great Danes because of their appearance and incorrectly assume giant size with fierceness. We have come across many Great Dane owners who complain about a lazy, always hungry dog, and sleepy dog. People also underestimate the annual costs of keeping a giant breed of dogs.

Great Danes are prone to many health issues due to their large size. They need a balanced diet and a moderate amount of exercise. Over-exercise or excessive play strains their hips and legs.

Names

  • Great Dane
  • Dane

Conservation Status

LEAST CONCERN

Origin

Germany

Physical Traits

  • Weight: Male 50 – 70 kg; Female 45 – 60 kg 
  • Height: Male 76 – 79 cm; Female 76 – 79 cm
  • Coat: Single, short coat
  • Colour: Black and tan, Black
  • Litter Size: 4 – 9
  • Life Span: 6 – 9 years

Great Dane Price

BreedPet QualityShow QualityYearly costAvailabilityAdaptability to IndiaApartment livingSpecial needsCountryHealthSize
Great Dane

Great Dane

₹22,000₹40,000 ₹1,81,200HighMediumNot suitedNoGermanyPoorGiant

Interesting Facts about Great Dane

  • Great Danes are the tallest dogs in the world
  • Great Danes are hunting dogs, used for hunting boar
  • The tallest dog in history was a Great Dane named Zeus

Conclusion

The top dog breed in India is not a native dog. It is sad to see the decline and slow demise of the great Indian dog breeds. People want Labs, GSDs, and Pugs, no one wants a Rajapalayam or a Kanni or Kombai. We urge our Indian readers to choose native dogs over other dog breeds. These animals need our protection and care. 

We conclude our presentation of the top dog breeds in India with a contradiction! There is no such thing as the best dog. The best dog for a family or an individual depends on several factors. Our objective was to equip our readers with information that will help you make that decision. 

We encourage you to read our dog breed pages and related posts to enrich your understanding of native Indian dog breeds. You can read about the best dog food in India to choose the best food for your dog.